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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Using Figure 17.11, suggest an indicator to use in each of the following titrations:

  1. (a) The weak base pyridine is titrated with HCl.
  2. (b) Formic acid is titrated with NaOH.
  3. (c) Ethylenediamine, a weak diprotic base, is titrated with HCl.

images

Figure 17.11 Common acid-base indicators. The color changes occur over a range of pH values. Notice that o few indicators hove color changes over two different pH ranges.

a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The weak base pyridine is titrated with HCl, an indicator used has to be determined.

Concept introduction:

A titration is one of the most useful ways of determining accurately the quantity of an acid, a base or some other substances in a mixture.

The pH at the equivalence point of a strong acid –strong base titration is 7.

A weak acid titrated with a strong base leads to a pH > 7 at the equivalence point.

A weak base titrated with a strong acid leads to pH < 7 at the equivalence point.

images

Indicators:

A chemical substances which gives a visible change  in the titration.

Some important indicators are as follow.

images

Explanation

Pyridine is a weak base and has a pkb= 8.82. Titrating a weak base with a strong acid HCl.

Therefore, the resultant solution pH will be less than the 7

b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Formic acid is titrated with NaOH , an indicator used has to be determined.

Concept introduction:

A titration is one of the most useful ways of determining accurately the quantity of an acid, a base or some other substances in a mixture.

The pH at the equivalence point of a strong acid –strong base titration is 7.

A weak acid titrated with a strong base leads to a pH > 7 at the equivalence point.

A weak base titrated with a strong acid leads to pH < 7 at the equivalence point.

images

Indicators:

A chemical substances which gives a visible change  in the titration.

Some important indicators are as follow.

images

c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Ethylene diamine, a weak diprotic base, is titrated with HCl, an indicator used has to be determined.

Concept introduction:

A titration is one of the most useful ways of determining accurately the quantity of an acid, a base or some other substances in a mixture.

The pH at the equivalence point of a strong acid –strong base titration is 7.

A weak acid titrated with a strong base leads to a pH > 7 at the equivalence point.

A weak base titrated with a strong acid leads to pH < 7 at the equivalence point.

images

Indicators:

A chemical substances which gives a visible change  in the titration.

Some important indicators are as follow.

images

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Chapter 17 Solutions

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Sect-17.4 P-17.11CYUSect-17.5 P-17.12CYUSect-17.5 P-17.13CYUSect-17.5 P-17.14CYUSect-17.6 P-17.15CYUSect-17.6 P-17.16CYUSect-17.6 P-1.1ACPSect-17.6 P-1.2ACPSect-17.6 P-1.3ACPSect-17.6 P-1.4ACPSect-17.6 P-1.5ACPSect-17.6 P-2.1ACPSect-17.6 P-2.2ACPCh-17 P-1PSCh-17 P-2PSCh-17 P-3PSCh-17 P-4PSCh-17 P-5PSCh-17 P-6PSCh-17 P-7PSCh-17 P-8PSCh-17 P-9PSCh-17 P-10PSCh-17 P-11PSCh-17 P-12PSCh-17 P-13PSCh-17 P-14PSCh-17 P-15PSCh-17 P-16PSCh-17 P-17PSCh-17 P-18PSCh-17 P-19PSCh-17 P-20PSCh-17 P-21PSCh-17 P-22PSCh-17 P-23PSCh-17 P-24PSCh-17 P-25PSCh-17 P-26PSCh-17 P-27PSCh-17 P-28PSCh-17 P-29PSCh-17 P-30PSCh-17 P-31PSCh-17 P-32PSCh-17 P-33PSCh-17 P-35PSCh-17 P-36PSCh-17 P-37PSCh-17 P-38PSCh-17 P-39PSCh-17 P-40PSCh-17 P-41PSCh-17 P-42PSCh-17 P-43PSCh-17 P-44PSCh-17 P-45PSCh-17 P-46PSCh-17 P-47PSCh-17 P-48PSCh-17 P-49PSCh-17 P-50PSCh-17 P-51PSCh-17 P-52PSCh-17 P-53PSCh-17 P-54PSCh-17 P-55PSCh-17 P-56PSCh-17 P-57PSCh-17 P-58PSCh-17 P-59PSCh-17 P-60PSCh-17 P-61PSCh-17 P-62PSCh-17 P-63PSCh-17 P-64PSCh-17 P-65PSCh-17 P-66PSCh-17 P-67PSCh-17 P-68PSCh-17 P-69PSCh-17 P-70PSCh-17 P-71PSCh-17 P-72PSCh-17 P-73PSCh-17 P-74PSCh-17 P-75PSCh-17 P-76PSCh-17 P-77GQCh-17 P-78GQCh-17 P-79GQCh-17 P-80GQCh-17 P-81GQCh-17 P-82GQCh-17 P-83GQCh-17 P-84GQCh-17 P-85GQCh-17 P-86GQCh-17 P-87GQCh-17 P-88GQCh-17 P-89GQCh-17 P-90GQCh-17 P-91GQCh-17 P-92GQCh-17 P-93GQCh-17 P-94GQCh-17 P-95GQCh-17 P-96GQCh-17 P-97GQCh-17 P-98GQCh-17 P-99GQCh-17 P-100GQCh-17 P-101ILCh-17 P-102ILCh-17 P-103ILCh-17 P-104ILCh-17 P-105ILCh-17 P-106ILCh-17 P-107ILCh-17 P-108ILCh-17 P-109ILCh-17 P-110ILCh-17 P-111ILCh-17 P-112ILCh-17 P-113SCQCh-17 P-114SCQCh-17 P-115SCQCh-17 P-116SCQCh-17 P-117SCQCh-17 P-118SCQCh-17 P-119SCQCh-17 P-120SCQ

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