BuyFind

College Physics

11th Edition
Raymond A. Serway + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305952300
BuyFind

College Physics

11th Edition
Raymond A. Serway + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305952300

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 16, Problem 1CQ
Textbook Problem

A proton is released from rest in a uniform electric field. Determine whether the following quantities increase, decrease, or remain unchanged as the proton moves. Indicate your answers with I (increase), D (decrease), or U (unchanged), respectively. (a) The electric potential at the proton’s location (b) The proton’s associated electric potential energy (c) Its kinetic energy (d) Its total energy.

Expert Solution

(a)

To determine
The electric potential at proton’s location.

Answer to Problem 1CQ

(D) The electric potential at proton’s location decreases.

Explanation of Solution

A particle with positive charge moves from higher potential to lower potential. Therefore, as the proton move, electric potential decreases.

Conclusion:

(D) The electric potential at proton’s location decreases.

Expert Solution

(b)

To determine
The electric potential energy.

Answer to Problem 1CQ

(D) The electric potential energy decreases.

Explanation of Solution

The proton moves from higher potential to lower potential. It accelerates towards the negative potential causing its kinetic energy to increase. Therefore, its potential energy decreases.

Conclusion:

(D) The electric potential energy decreases.

Expert Solution

(c)

To determine
The kinetic energy.

Answer to Problem 1CQ

(I) The kinetic energy increases.

Explanation of Solution

The proton moves from higher potential to lower potential. It accelerates towards the negative potential causing its kinetic energy to increase.

Conclusion:

(I) The kinetic energy increases.

Expert Solution

(d)

To determine
The total energy.

Answer to Problem 1CQ

(U) The total energy is unchanged.

Explanation of Solution

Increase in kinetic energy is accompanied by decrease in potential energy. Thus, the total energy which is the sum of kinetic and potential energy will be constant.

Conclusion:

(U) The total energy is unchanged.

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Chapter 16 Solutions

College Physics
Show all chapter solutions
Ch. 16.8 - Consider a parallel-plate capacitor with a...Ch. 16 - A proton is released from rest in a uniform...Ch. 16 - An electron is released from rest in a uniform...Ch. 16 - Figure CQ16.3 shows equipotential contours in the...Ch. 16 - Rank the potential energies of the four systems of...Ch. 16 - A parallel-plate capacitor with capacitance C0...Ch. 16 - An air-filled parallel-plate capacitor with...Ch. 16 - Choose the words that make each statement correct,...Ch. 16 - Why is it important to avoid sharp edges or points...Ch. 16 - Explain why, under static conditions, all points...Ch. 16 - If you are given three different capacitors C1,...Ch. 16 - (a) Why is it dangerous to touch the terminals of...Ch. 16 - The plates of a capacitor are connected to a...Ch. 16 - Rank the electric potentials at the four points...Ch. 16 - If you were asked to design a capacitor in which...Ch. 16 - Is it always possible to reduce a combination of...Ch. 16 - Explain why a dielectric increases the maximum...Ch. 16 - A uniform electric field of magnitude 375 N/C...Ch. 16 - A proton is released from rest in a uniform...Ch. 16 - A potential difference of 90.0 mV exists between...Ch. 16 - Cathode ray tubes (CRTs) used in old-style...Ch. 16 - A constant electric field accelerates a proton...Ch. 16 - A point charge q = +40.0 C moves from A to B...Ch. 16 - Oppositely charged parallel plates are separated...Ch. 16 - (a) Find the potential difference VB required to...Ch. 16 - An ionized oxygen molecule (O+2) at point A has...Ch. 16 - On planet Tehar, the free-fall acceleration is the...Ch. 16 - An electron is at the origin, (a) Calculate the...Ch. 16 - The two charges in Figure P16.12 are separated by...Ch. 16 - (a) Find the electric potential, taking zero at...Ch. 16 - Three charges are situated at corners of a...Ch. 16 - Two point charges Q1 = +5.00 nC and Q2 = 3.00 nC...Ch. 16 - Three identical point charges each of charge q are...Ch. 16 - The three charges in Figure P16.17 are at the...Ch. 16 - A positive point charge q = +2.50 nC is located at...Ch. 16 - A proton is located at the origin, and a second...Ch. 16 - A proton and an alpha particle (charge = 2e, mass...Ch. 16 - A tiny sphere of mass 8.00 g and charge 2.80 nC is...Ch. 16 - The metal sphere of a small Van de Graaff...Ch. 16 - In Rutherfords famous scattering experiments that...Ch. 16 - Four point charges each haring charge Q are...Ch. 16 - Calculate the speed of (a) an electron and (b) a...Ch. 16 - An electric field does 1.50 103 eV of work on a...Ch. 16 - An alpha particle, which has charge 3.20 1019 C,...Ch. 16 - In the classical model of a hydrogen atom, an...Ch. 16 - Consider the Earth and a cloud layer 8.0 102 m...Ch. 16 - (a) When a 9.00-V battery is connected to the...Ch. 16 - An air-filled parallel-plate capacitor has plates...Ch. 16 - Air breaks down and conducts charge as a spark if...Ch. 16 - An air-filled capacitor consists of two parallel...Ch. 16 - A 1-megabit computer memory chip contains many...Ch. 16 - a parallel-plate capacitor with area 0.200 m2 and...Ch. 16 - A small object with a mass of 350. g carries a...Ch. 16 - Given a 2.50-F capacitor, a 6.25-F capacitor, and...Ch. 16 - Two capacitors, C1 = 5.00 F and C2 = 12.0 F, are...Ch. 16 - Find (a) the equivalent capacitance of the...Ch. 16 - Two capacitors give an equivalent capacitance of...Ch. 16 - For the system of capacitors shown in Figure...Ch. 16 - Consider the combination of capacitors in Figure...Ch. 16 - Find the charge on each of the capacitors in...Ch. 16 - Three capacitors are connected to a battery as...Ch. 16 - A 25.0-F capacitor and a 40.0-F capacitor are...Ch. 16 - (a) Find the equivalent capacitance between points...Ch. 16 - A 1.00-F capacitor is charged by being connected...Ch. 16 - Four capacitors are connected as shown in Figure...Ch. 16 - A 12.0 V battery is connected to a 4.50 F...Ch. 16 - Two capacitors, C1 = 18.0 F and C2 = 36.0 F, are...Ch. 16 - A parallel-plate capacitor has capacitance 3.00 F....Ch. 16 - Each plate of a 5.00 F capacitor stores 60.0 C of...Ch. 16 - The voltage across an air-filled parallel-plate...Ch. 16 - (a) How much charge can be placed on a capacitor...Ch. 16 - Determine (a) the capacitance and (b) the maximum...Ch. 16 - A parallel-plate capacitor has plates of area A =...Ch. 16 - A model of a red blood cell portrays the cell as a...Ch. 16 - When a potential difference of 150. V is applied...Ch. 16 - Three parallel-plate capacitors are constructed,...Ch. 16 - For the system of four capacitors shown in Figure...Ch. 16 - A parallel-plate capacitor with a plate separation...Ch. 16 - Two capacitors give an equivalent capacitance of...Ch. 16 - A parallel-plate capacitor is constructed using a...Ch. 16 - Two charges of 1.0 C and 2.0 C are 0.50 m apart at...Ch. 16 - Find the equivalent capacitance of the group of...Ch. 16 - A spherical capacitor consists of a spherical...Ch. 16 - The immediate cause of many deaths is ventricular...Ch. 16 - When a certain air-filled parallel-plate capacitor...Ch. 16 - Capacitors C1 = 6.0 F and C2 = 2.0 F are charged...Ch. 16 - Two positive charges each of charge q are fixed on...Ch. 16 - Metal sphere A of radius 12.0 cm carries 6.00 C of...Ch. 16 - An electron is fired at a speed v0 = 5.6 106 m/s...

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