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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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ow does the attractive force that the nucleus exerts on an electron change with the principal energy level of the electron?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

How the effect of the attractive force that a nucleus exerts on electrons changes with the principal energy level of electron is to be stated?

Concept Introduction:

Atoms consist of sub particles known as electron, proton and neutron. The protons and neutrons are present in the nucleus and the electrons revolve around the nucleus in energy levels of definite energy. The principal energy level of electron denotes the shell in which the electron is residing and it increases when the number of shells increases.

Explanation

Electrons revolve around the nucleus in definite energy levels. The attraction of proton and electron can be calculated by Coulomb’s law as shown below.

E=Ze24πϵ0reV

Where,

  • Z is the number of protons

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