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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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Consider the following representation of a set of p orbitals for an atom:

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ich of the following statements is(are) true?

The areas represented by the p orbitals are positively charged clouds with negatively charged electrons embedded within these clouds.

The nucleus is located at the center point of each axis.

The electrons move along the elliptical paths as indicated by the p orbitals above.

The atom could not be hydrogen because its electron is found in the 1 s orbital.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Considering the given representations of a set of p orbitals for an atom, the true statements from the given statements should be chosen.

Concept Introduction:

Hydrogen atom has discrete energy levels. These are called principal energy levels. Each of these levels is subdivided into sublevels. Principal level 1 consists of one sublevel which is 1s orbital. Number 1 is for the principal energy level and s stands for the sublevel. Principal level 2 consists of 2 sublevels 2s and 2p. The 2s orbital consists of one orbital, and 2p consists of three orbitals (2px, 2py, 2pz ). The 2s orbital is spherical like 1s orbital but larger in size. The three 2p orbitals have 2 lobes, we call it dumbbell shape.

Explanation

Reason for true statements: In the representation of p orbitals, it is a probability map of finding the electron in the p orbitals which lies in x, y, and z axes. And the nucleus is located at the center point of each axis.

Probability of finding the electron at the nucleus is nearly zero...

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