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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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What types of ions do the metals and the nonmetallic elements form? Do the metals lose or gain electrons in doing this? Do the nonmetallic elements gain or lose electrons in doing this?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The types of ions that can be formed by metals and non-metallic elements are to be stated. Whether the metals gain or lose electrons while forming the ions is to be stated. Whether the nonmetallic elements gain or lose electrons while forming the ions is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

The simplest state of matter which cannot be divided into more simple substances by any physical or chemical process is termed as element. Elements can be classified into three categories which are metals, non-metals and metalloids.

The electrically charged species that can be formed after the removal or addition of electrons are known as ions.

Explanation

Generally, metals tend to lose the electrons from their outermost shell because metals possess low ionization energy as compared to nonmetals. Thus, the metals form positive ions after the removal of an electron. The positive ions are also termed as cations...

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