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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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The “Chemistry in Focus" segment A Magnetic Moment discusses the ability to levitate a frog in a magnetic field because electrons. when sensing a strong magnetic field, respond by opposing it. This is called diamagnetism. Atoms that are diamagnetic have all paired electrons. Which columns among the representative elements in the periodic table consist of diamagnetic atoms? Consider orbital diagrams when answering this question.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

To identify the columns in periodic table in which elements have diamagnetic nature.

Concept Introduction:

The vertical columns of the periodic table are called as groups. The elements which are placed in same group of periodic table have same general electronic configuration. Diamagnetic nature of elements is due to paired electrons in it. Hence if an atom contains all paired electros it will be diamagnetic in nature.

Explanation

The representative elements in the periodic table are group 1, 2 and group 13 to 18. So we need to check the electronic configuration of these groups. The valence shell configuration of each group will give idea about the number of paired or unpaired electrons.

General electronic configuration of each group is as given below:

  • Group-1 : ns1.
  • Group -2 : ns2.
  • Group-13: ns2, np1.
  • Group-14: ns2, np2.
  • Group-15: ns2, np3.
  • Group-16: ns2, np4...

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