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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

You wish to determine the weight percent of copper in a copper-containing alloy. After dissolving a 0.251 -g sample of the alloy in acid, an excess of KI is added, and the Cu2+ and I ions undergo the reaction

2 Cu2+(aq) + 5 I(aq) → 2 CuI(s) + I3(aq)

The liberated I3 is titrated with sodium thiosulfate according to the equation

I3 (aq) + 2 S2O32−(aq) → S4O62−(aq) + 3 I (aq)

  1. (a) Designate the oxidizing and reducing agents in the two reactions above.
  2. (b) If 26.32 mL of 0.101 M Na2S2O3 is required for titration to the equivalence point, what is the weight percent of Cu in the alloy?

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The weight percent of Cu in the given sample of alloy, oxidizing and reducing agent in the given reactions should be determined.

Concept introduction:

  • The relation between the number of moles and mass of the substance is ,

     Numberofmole=MassingramMolarmass

     Massingramofthesubstance=Numberofmole×Molarmass

  • The molar mass of an element or compound is the mass in grams of 1 mole of that substance, and it is expressed in the unit of grams per mol (g/mol).
  • For chemical reaction balanced chemical reaction equation written in accordance with the Law of conservation of mass.
  • Law of conservation of mass states that for a reaction total mass of the reactant and product must be equal.
  • Stoichiometric factor is a relationship between reactant and product which is obtained from the balanced chemical equation for a particular reaction.
  • Amountof substance=Concentrationofsubstance×volumeofthesubstance
  • Weight percent of elements of a compound is the ratio of weight of element to the weight of whole compound and multiplied with hundred.
  • Oxidizing agent is the reduced (gains electrons) atom to cause another atom to be oxidized
  • Reducing agent is the oxidized (loses electron) atom to cause another atom to be reduced.
Explanation

The balanced equation for the first reaction is,

    2Cu(aq)2++5I(aq)2CuI(s)+I(aq)

In this reaction Cu2+ acts as the oxidizing agent and I acts as the reducing agent

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The weight percent of Cu in the given sample of alloy, oxidizing and reducing agent in the given reactions should be determined.

Concept introduction:

  • The relation between the number of moles and mass of the substance is ,

     Numberofmole=MassingramMolarmass

     Massingramofthesubstance=Numberofmole×Molarmass

  • The molar mass of an element or compound is the mass in grams of 1 mole of that substance, and it is expressed in the unit of grams per mol (g/mol).
  • For chemical reaction balanced chemical reaction equation written in accordance with the Law of conservation of mass.
  • Law of conservation of mass states that for a reaction total mass of the reactant and product must be equal.
  • Stoichiometric factor is a relationship between reactant and product which is obtained from the balanced chemical equation for a particular reaction.
  • Amountof substance=Concentrationofsubstance×volumeofthesubstance
  • Weight percent of elements of a compound is the ratio of weight of element to the weight of whole compound and multiplied with hundred.
  • Oxidizing agent is the reduced (gains electrons) atom to cause another atom to be oxidized
  • Reducing agent is the oxidized (loses electron) atom to cause another atom to be reduced.

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