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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

For elements in Groups 4A-7A of the periodic table, give the number of bonds an element is expected to form (in an uncharged molecule) if it obeys the octet rule.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: It should be identified that, the number of bonds an element is expected to form by obeying the octet rule.

Concept Introduction:

Valence electron: The outermost orbital electron available for bonding.

Octet rule: By obtaining eight electrons around the valence shell of an element, then compound satisfied the octet rule and thus, achieved the electron configuration of noble gas that is having 8 electrons in their highest energy level they are said to have an octet.

Periodic Table: The available chemical elements are arranged considering their atomic number, the electronic configuration and their properties. The elements placed on the left of the table are metals and non-metals are placed on right side of the table.

In periodic table the horizontal rows are called periods and the vertical column are called group.

The elements placed on the left of the table are metals which contain its last electron on s-orbital hence considered as s-block elements and the elements placed on the right side of the table contains its last electron in p-orbital which is regarded as p-block elements.

The s and p block elements together are called as main group elements.

Explanation

The number of bonds an element is expected to form by obeying the octet rule.

The elements belongs to Group 4A of the periodic table, have four bonds.

The elements belongs to Group 5A of the periodic table, have three bonds (for a neutral compound)...

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