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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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Your text talks about several sorts of “yield” when experiments are performed in the laboratory. Students often confuse these terms. Define, compare, and contrast what are meant by theoretical yield, actual yield, and percent yield.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The theoretical yield, actual yield and percentage yield should be defined and compared.

Concept Introduction:

A balanced chemical equation is an equation that contains same number of atoms as well as of each element of reactants and products of reaction.

For example, the reaction between lead sulphide and oxygen is as follows:

2 PbS +  3 O22PbO +  2SO2  Reactants            Products

The limiting reactant in a particular reaction has due to following properties:

  1. Limiting reactant completely reacted in a particular reaction.
  2. Limiting reactant determines the amount of the product in mole.
Explanation

Theoretical yield is also known as calculated yield. Theoretical yield is the amount of product which is theatrically calculates by the amount of limiting agent. It is the maximum amount of product which is formed in any reaction.

Other name of actual yield is observed yield. The actual yield for a reaction may be less than the theoretical yield is side reactions because of following reasons:

  1. Some reactants are losing in the experiment condition.
  2. Some time some product also lost in transfer from one container to other container.
  3. Formation of side products.
  4. Sometimes all reactant is not reactant means some reactant are left in un-reacted form...

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