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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Calculate the mass percent of titanium in the mineral ilmenite, FeTiO3. What mass of ilmenite (in grams) is required if you wish to obtain 750 g of titanium?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The mass percent of titanium in FeTiO3 and the mass of FeTiO3 required to obtain 750g  of titanium metal are needed to be calculated.

Concept introduction:

  • Mass percent of elements of a compound is the ratio of mass of element to the mass of whole compound and multiplied with hundred.
  • Equation for finding molar mass from mass of a molecule and number moles is,

    Molarmass=MassingramsNumberofmoles 

  • Molar mass of a molecule can be calculated from its molecular formula by taking the sum of atomic masses of all the elements present in it.
Explanation

The molar mass of FeTiO3 is 15.71g/mol .

Mass percent of elements of a compound is the ratio of mass of element to the mass of whole compound and multiplied with hundred.

Therefore,

The mass percent of Ti in FeTiO3 is,

    47.867gTi151.71gFeTiO3×100%=31.55%Ti

Mass percent of an element means, 100g of compound contains that mass percent of an element in grams

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