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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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According to the Brøsted-Lowry model, an acid is a “proton donor” and a base is a “proton acceptor”. Explain.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The definition of an acid (proton donor) and a base (proton acceptor) according to Brønsted Lowry model should be explained.

Concept Introduction:

According to Brønsted Lowry model:

Acids are those compounds which donates a proton to another compound whereas bases are those compounds which accept a proton from another substance.

Explanation

Acids are defined as compounds which donates proton to base whereas bases are defined as compounds which accepts proton from acids.

When hydroxide ion accepts the proton then water is formed. The reaction is shown below:

H++OHH2O

For example: Acid: Proton donor.

HCl(g)H2OH+(aq)+Cl

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