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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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. Write a chemical equation showing how each of the following species can behave as indicated when dissolved in water.

a. O2- as a base

b. NH3 as a base

c. HSO4- as an acid

d. HNO2 as an acid

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

A chemical equation showing the indicated behaviour of given species in water should be written.

Concept Introduction: Concept Introduction: Acid is defined as a substance that gives hydrogen ion/s in the aqueous solution. Similarly, base is a substance that gives hydroxide ions in the aqueous solution. When a acid gives its hydrogen ion, conjugate base is formed and when a base gives its hydroxide ion, conjugate acid is formed.

For example, if HA is an acid, the reaction for formation of conjugate base will be as follows:

HAH++A

Here, A is conjugate base.

Similarly, if BOH is a base, the reaction for formation of conjugate acid will be as follows:

BOHB++OH

Here, B+ is conjugate acid.

Thus, a conjugate base can accept hydrogen ion and conjugate base can accept hydroxide ion.

Explanation

To react as a base, substance must accept hydrogen ion when dissolved in water.

When O2 is dissolved in water, it can accept hydrogen ion and behave as a base. The reaction is as follows:

H2OH++OH-

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

A chemical equation showing the indicated behaviour of given species in water should be written.

Concept Introduction: Concept Introduction: Acid is defined as a substance that gives hydrogen ion/s in the aqueous solution. Similarly, base is a substance that gives hydroxide ions in the aqueous solution. When a acid gives its hydrogen ion, conjugate base is formed and when a base gives its hydroxide ion, conjugate acid is formed.

For example, if HA is an acid, the reaction for formation of conjugate base will be as follows:

HAH++A

Here, A is conjugate base.

Similarly, if BOH is a base, the reaction for formation of conjugate acid will be as follows:

BOHB++OH

Here, B+ is conjugate acid.

Thus, a conjugate base can accept hydrogen ion and conjugate base can accept hydroxide ion.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

A chemical equation showing the indicated behaviour of given species in water should be written.

Concept Introduction: Concept Introduction: Acid is defined as a substance that gives hydrogen ion/s in the aqueous solution. Similarly, base is a substance that gives hydroxide ions in the aqueous solution. When a acid gives its hydrogen ion, conjugate base is formed and when a base gives its hydroxide ion, conjugate acid is formed.

For example, if HA is an acid, the reaction for formation of conjugate base will be as follows:

HAH++A

Here, A is conjugate base.

Similarly, if BOH is a base, the reaction for formation of conjugate acid will be as follows:

BOHB++OH

Here, B+ is conjugate acid.

Thus, a conjugate base can accept hydrogen ion and conjugate base can accept hydroxide ion.

Interpretation Introduction

(d)

Interpretation:

A chemical equation showing the indicated behaviour of given species in water should be written.

Concept Introduction: Concept Introduction: Acid is defined as a substance that gives hydrogen ion/s in the aqueous solution. Similarly, base is a substance that gives hydroxide ions in the aqueous solution. When a acid gives its hydrogen ion, conjugate base is formed and when a base gives its hydroxide ion, conjugate acid is formed.

For example, if HA is an acid, the reaction for formation of conjugate base will be as follows:

HAH++A

Here, A is conjugate base.

Similarly, if BOH is a base, the reaction for formation of conjugate acid will be as follows:

BOHB++OH

Here, B+ is conjugate acid.

Thus, a conjugate base can accept hydrogen ion and conjugate base can accept hydroxide ion.

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