Principles of Biology - 2nd Edition - by Robert Brooker, Eric P. Widmaier Dr., Linda Graham Dr. Ph.D., Peter Stiling Dr. Ph.D. - ISBN 9781259875120
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Principles of Biology
2nd Edition
Robert Brooker, Eric P. Widmaier Dr., Linda Graham Dr. Ph.D., Peter Stiling Dr. Ph.D.
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
ISBN: 9781259875120

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Chapter 3 - The Chemical Basis Of Life Ii: Organic MoleculesChapter 3.1 - The Carbon Atom And Carbon-containing MoleculesChapter 3.2 - Synthesis And Breakdown Of Organic MoleculesChapter 3.3 - Overview Of The Four Major Classes Of Organic Molecules Found In Living CellsChapter 3.4 - CarbohydratesChapter 3.5 - LipidsChapter 3.6 - ProteinsChapter 3.7 - Nucleic AcidsChapter 4 - Evolutionary Origin Of Cells And Their General FeaturesChapter 4.1 - Origin Of Living Cells On EarthChapter 4.2 - MicroscopyChapter 4.3 - Overview Of Cell Structure And FunctionChapter 4.4 - The CytosolChapter 4.5 - The Nucleus And Endomembrane SystemChapter 4.6 - Semiautonomous OrganellesChapter 4.7 - Protein Sorting To OrganellesChapter 4.8 - Extracellular Matrix And Plant Cell WallsChapter 4.9 - Systems Biology Of Cells: A SummaryChapter 5 - Membranes: The Interface Between Cells And Their EnvironmentChapter 5.1 - Membrane StructureChapter 5.2 - Fluidity Of MembranesChapter 5.3 - Overview Of Membrane TransportChapter 5.4 - Transport ProteinsChapter 5.5 - Intercellular ChannelsChapter 5.6 - Exocytosis And EndocytosisChapter 5.7 - Cell JunctionsChapter 6 - How Cells Utilize EnergyChapter 6.1 - Energy And Chemical ReactionsChapter 6.2 - EnzymesChapter 6.3 - Overview Of Metabolism And Cellular RespirationChapter 6.4 - GlycolysisChapter 6.5 - Breakdown Of PyruvateChapter 6.6 - Citric Acid CycleChapter 6.7 - Oxidative PhosphorylationChapter 6.8 - Connections Among Carbohydrate, Protein, And Fat MetabolismChapter 7 - How Cells Capture Light Energy Via PhotosynthesisChapter 7.1 - Overview Of PhotosynthesisChapter 7.2 - Reactions That Harness Light EnergyChapter 7.3 - Molecular Features Of PhotosystemsChapter 7.4 - Synthesizing Carbohydrates Via The Calvin CycleChapter 7.5 - Variations In PhotosynthesisChapter 8 - How Cells Communicate With Each Other And With The EnvironmentChapter 8.1 - General Features Of Cell CommunicationChapter 8.2 - Receptor ActivationChapter 8.3 - Cell Surface ReceptorsChapter 8.4 - Intracellular ReceptorsChapter 8.5 - Signal Transduction And Cellular Response Via An Enzyme-linked ReceptorChapter 8.6 - Signal Transduction And Cellular Response Via A G-protein-coupled ReceptorChapter 9 - The Information Of Life: Dna And Rna Structure, Dna Replication, And ChromosChapter 9.1 - Properties And Identification Of The Genetic MaterialChapter 9.2 - Nucleic Acid StructureChapter 9.3 - Discovery Of The Double-helix Structure Of DnaChapter 9.4 - Overview Of Dna ReplicationChapter 9.5 - Molecular Mechanism Of Dna ReplicationChapter 9.6 - Molecular Structure Of Eukaryotic ChromosomesChapter 10 - The Expression Of Genetic Information Via Genes I: Transcription And TranslationChapter 10.1 - Overview Of Gene ExpressionChapter 10.2 - TranscriptionChapter 10.3 - Rna Modifications In EukaryotesChapter 10.4 - Translation And The Genetic CodeChapter 10.5 - The Machinery Of TranslationChapter 10.6 - The Stages Of TranslationChapter 11 - The Expression Of Genetic Information Via Genes Ii: Non-coding RnasChapter 11.1 - Overview Of Non-coding RnasChapter 11.2 - Role Of Non-coding Rnas In Eukaryotic Dna ReplicationChapter 11.3 - Effects Of Non-coding Rnas On Chromatin Structure And TranscriptionChapter 11.4 - Effects Of Non-coding Rnas On Translation, Mrna Degradation, And Rna ModificationChapter 11.5 - Non-coding Rnas And Protein TargetingChapter 11.6 - Non-coding Rnas And Genome DefenseChapter 11.7 - Role Of Non-coding Rnas In Human Disease And Plant HealthChapter 12 - The Control Of Genetic Information Via Gene RegulationChapter 12.1 - Overview Of Gene RegulationChapter 12.2 - Regulation Of Transcription In BacteriaChapter 12.3 - Regulation Of Transcription In Eukaryotes: Roles Of Transcription FactorsChapter 12.4 - Regulation Of Transcription In Eukaryotes: Changes In Chromatin Structure And Dna MethylationChapter 12.5 - Regulation Of Rna Splicing And Translation In EukaryotesChapter 13 - Altering The Genetic Material: Mutation, Dna Repair, And CancerChapter 13.1 - Consequences Of MutationsChapter 13.2 - Causes Of MutationsChapter 13.3 - Dna RepairChapter 13.4 - CancerChapter 14 - How Eukaryotic Cells Sort And Transmit Chromosomes: Mitosis And MeiosisChapter 14.1 - The Eukaryotic Cell CycleChapter 14.2 - Mitotic Cell DivisionChapter 14.3 - Meiosis And Sexual ReproductionChapter 14.4 - Variation In Chromosome Structure And NumberChapter 15 - Transmission Of Genetic Information From Parents To Offspring I: Patterns ThatChapter 15.1 - Mendel’s Laws Of InheritanceChapter 15.2 - Chromosome Theory Of InheritanceChapter 15.3 - Pedigree Analysis Of Human TraitsChapter 15.4 - Variations In Inheritance Patterns And Their Molecular BasisChapter 15.5 - Sex Chromosomes And X-linked Inheritance PatternsChapter 16 - Transmission Of Genetic Information From Parents To Offspring Ii: EpigeneticsChapter 16.1 - Overview Of EpigeneticsChapter 16.2 - Epigenetics: Genomic ImprintingChapter 16.3 - Epigenetics: X-chromosome InactivationChapter 16.4 - Epigenetics: Effects Of Environmental AgentsChapter 16.5 - Extranuclear Inheritance: Organelle GenomesChapter 16.6 - Linkage Of Genes On The Same ChromosomeChapter 17 - The Simpler Genetic Systems Of Viruses And BacteriaChapter 17.1 - Genetic Properties Of VirusesChapter 17.2 - Genetic Properties Of BacteriaChapter 17.3 - Gene Transfer Between BacteriaChapter 18 - Genetic Technologies: How Biologists Study Genes And GenomesChapter 18.1 - Gene CloningChapter 18.2 - Genomics: Techniques For Studying And Altering GenomesChapter 18.3 - Bacterial And Archaeal GenomesChapter 18.4 - Eukaryotic GenomesChapter 18.5 - Repetitive Sequences And Transposable ElementsChapter 19 - Evolution Of Life I: How Populations Change From Generation To GenerationChapter 19.1 - Overview Of EvolutionChapter 19.2 - Evidence Of Evolutionary ChangeChapter 19.3 - Genes In PopulationsChapter 19.4 - Natural SelectionChapter 19.5 - Genetic DriftChapter 19.6 - Migration And Nonrandom MatingChapter 20 - Evolution Of Life Ii: The Emergence Of New SpeciesChapter 20.1 - Identification Of SpeciesChapter 20.2 - Reproductive IsolationChapter 20.3 - Mechanisms Of SpeciationChapter 20.4 - Evo-devo: Evolutionary Developmental BiologyChapter 21 - How Biologists Classify Species And Study Their Evolutionary RelationshipsChapter 21.1 - TaxonomyChapter 21.2 - Phylogenetic TreesChapter 21.3 - CladisticsChapter 21.4 - Molecular ClocksChapter 21.5 - Horizontal Gene TransferChapter 22 - The History Of Life On Earth And Human EvolutionChapter 22.1 - The Fossil RecordChapter 22.2 - History Of Life On EarthChapter 22.3 - Human EvolutionChapter 23 - Diversity Of Microbial Life: Archaea, Bacteria, Protists, And FungiChapter 23.1 - Introduction To MicroorganismsChapter 23.2 - Diversity And Ecological Importance Of ArchaeaChapter 23.3 - Diversity And Ecological Importance Of BacteriaChapter 23.4 - Diversity In Bacterial Cell Structure And MetabolismChapter 23.5 - Diversity And Ecological Importance Of ProtistsChapter 23.6 - Diversity And Ecological Importance Of FungiChapter 23.7 - Technological Applications Of MicroorganismsChapter 24 - microbiomes: Microbial Systems On And Around UsChapter 24.1 - Microbiomes: Diversity Of Microbes And FunctionsChapter 24.2 - Microbiomes Of Physical SystemsChapter 24.3 - Host-associated MicrobiomesChapter 24.4 - Engineering Animal And Plant MicrobiomesChapter 25 - Plant Evolution: How Plant Diversification Changed Planet EarthChapter 25.1 - Ancestry And Diversity Of Land PlantsChapter 25.2 - An Evolutionary History Of Land PlantsChapter 25.3 - Diversity Of Modern GymnospermsChapter 25.4 - Diversity Of Modern AngiospermsChapter 25.5 - Human Influences On Angiosperm DiversificationChapter 26 - Invertebrates: The Vast Array Of Animal Life Without A BackboneChapter 26.1 - Characteristics Of AnimalsChapter 26.2 - Animal ClassificationChapter 26.3 - Ctenophores: The Earliest AnimalsChapter 26.4 - Porifera: The SpongesChapter 26.5 - Cnidaria: Jellyfish And Other Radially Symmetric AnimalsChapter 26.6 - Lophotrochozoa: The Flatworms, Rotifers, Bryozoans, Brachiopods, Mollusks, And AnnelidsChapter 26.7 - Ecdysozoa: The Nematodes And ArthropodsChapter 26.8 - Deuterostomia: The Echinoderms And ChordatesChapter 27 - Vertebrates: Fishes, Amphibians, Reptiles, And MammalsChapter 27.1 - Vertebrates: Chordates With A BackboneChapter 27.2 - Gnathostomes: Jawed VertebratesChapter 27.3 - Tetrapods: Gnathostomes With Four LimbsChapter 27.4 - Amniotes: Tetrapods With A Desiccation-resistant EggChapter 27.5 - Mammals: Milk-producing AmniotesChapter 28 - An Introduction To Flowering Plant Form And FunctionChapter 28.1 - From Seed To Seed: The Life Of A Flowering PlantChapter 28.2 - Plant Growth And DevelopmentChapter 28.3 - The Shoot System: Stem And Leaf AdaptationsChapter 28.4 - Root System AdaptationsChapter 29 - How Flowering Plants Sense And Interact With Their EnvironmentsChapter 29.1 - Overview Of Plant Behavioral ResponsesChapter 29.2 - Plant HormonesChapter 29.3 - Plant Responses To LightChapter 29.4 - Plant Responses To Gravity And TouchChapter 29.5 - Plant Responses To AttackChapter 30 - How Flowering Plants Obtain And Transport NutrientsChapter 30.1 - Plant Nutritional RequirementsChapter 30.2 - The Roles Of Soil In Plant NutritionChapter 30.3 - Transport At The Cellular LevelChapter 30.4 - Plant Transport At The Tissue LevelChapter 30.5 - Long-distance Transport In PlantsChapter 31 - How Flowering Plants Reproduce And DevelopChapter 31.1 - An Overview Of Flowering Plant ReproductionChapter 31.2 - Flower Production, Structure, And DevelopmentChapter 31.3 - Male And Female Gametophytes And Double FertilizationChapter 31.4 - Embryo, Seed, Fruit, And Seedling DevelopmentChapter 31.5 - Asexual Reproduction In Flowering PlantsChapter 32 - General Features Of Animal Bodies, And Homeostasis As A Key Principle Of AnimalsChapter 32.1 - Organization Of Animal BodiesChapter 32.2 - The Relationship Between Form And FunctionChapter 32.3 - HomeostasisChapter 32.4 - Homeostatic Regulation Of Body TemperatureChapter 32.5 - Principles Of Homeostasis Of Internal FluidsChapter 33 - Neuroscience I: The Structure, Function, And Evolution Of Nervous SystemsChapter 33.1 - Cellular Components Of Nervous SystemsChapter 33.2 - Electrical Properties Of Neurons And The Resting Membrane PotentialChapter 33.3 - Generation And Transmission Of Electrical Signals Along NeuronsChapter 33.4 - Communication At SynapsesChapter 33.5 - The Evolution And Development Of Nervous SystemsChapter 33.6 - Structure And Function Of The Nervous Systems Of Humans And Other VertebratesChapter 33.7 - Impact On Public HealthChapter 34 - Neuroscience Ii: How Sensory Systems Allow Animals To Interact With The EnvirChapter 34.1 - Introduction To SensationChapter 34.2 - MechanoreceptionChapter 34.3 - Thermoreception And NociceptionChapter 34.4 - PhotoreceptionChapter 34.5 - ChemoreceptionChapter 34.6 - Impact On Public HealthChapter 35 - How Muscles And Skeletons Are Adaptations For Movement, Support, And ProtChapter 35.1 - Types Of Animal SkeletonsChapter 35.2 - Skeletal Muscle Structure And The Mechanism Of Force GenerationChapter 35.3 - Types Of Skeletal Muscle Fibers And Their FunctionsChapter 35.4 - Impact On Public HealthChapter 36 - Circulatory And Respiratory Systems: Transporting Solutes And Exchanging GaChapter 36.1 - Types Of Circulatory SystemsChapter 36.2 - The Composition Of BloodChapter 36.3 - The Vertebrate Heart And Its FunctionChapter 36.4 - Blood VesselsChapter 36.5 - Relationship Among Blood Pressure, Blood Flow, And ResistanceChapter 36.6 - Physical Properties Of GasesChapter 36.7 - Types Of Respiratory SystemsChapter 36.8 - Structure And Function Of The Mammalian Respiratory SystemChapter 36.9 - Mechanisms Of Gas Transport In BloodChapter 36.10 - Control Of VentilationChapter 36.11 - Impact On Public HealthChapter 37 - Digestive And Excretory Systems Help Maintain Nutrient, Water, And Energy BaChapter 37.1 - Overview Of Animal NutritionChapter 37.2 - General Principles Of Digestion And Absorption Of NutrientsChapter 37.3 - Vertebrate Digestive SystemsChapter 37.4 - Nutrient Use And StorageChapter 37.5 - Regulation Of The Absorptive And Postabsorptive StatesChapter 37.6 - Excretory Systems In Different Animal GroupsChapter 37.7 - Structure And Function Of The Mammalian KidneysChapter 37.8 - Impact On Public HealthChapter 38 - How Endocrine Systems Influence The Activities Of All Other Organ SystemsChapter 38.1 - Types Of Hormones And Their Mechanisms Of ActionChapter 38.2 - Links Between The Endocrine And Nervous SystemsChapter 38.3 - Hormonal Control Of Metabolism And Energy BalanceChapter 38.4 - Hormonal Control Of Mineral BalanceChapter 38.5 - Hormonal Control Of Growth And DevelopmentChapter 38.6 - Hormonal Control Of ReproductionChapter 38.7 - Impact On Public HealthChapter 39 - The Production Of Offspring: Reproduction And DevelopmentChapter 39.1 - Overview Of Sexual And Asexual ReproductionChapter 39.2 - Gametogenesis And FertilizationChapter 39.3 - Human Reproductive Structure And FunctionChapter 39.4 - Pregnancy And Birth In MammalsChapter 39.5 - General Events Of Embryonic DevelopmentChapter 39.6 - Impact On Public HealthChapter 40 - Immune Systems: How Animals Defend Against Pathogens And Other DangersChapter 40.1 - Types Of PathogensChapter 40.2 - Innate ImmunityChapter 40.3 - Acquired ImmunityChapter 40.4 - Impact On Public HealthChapter 41 - Integrated Responses Of Animal Organ Systems To A Challenge To HomeostasisChapter 41.1 - Effects Of Hemorrhage On Blood Pressure And Organ FunctionChapter 41.2 - The Rapid Phase Of The Homeostatic Response To HemorrhageChapter 41.3 - The Secondary Phase Of The Homeostatic Response To HemorrhageChapter 41.4 - Impact On Public HealthChapter 42 - Behavioral Ecology: The Struggle To Find Food And Mates And To Pass On GenesChapter 42.1 - The Influence Of Genetics And Learning On BehaviorChapter 42.2 - CommunicationChapter 42.3 - Living In Groups And Optimality TheoryChapter 42.4 - AltruismChapter 42.5 - Mating BehaviorChapter 43 - Population Growth And Species InteractionsChapter 43.1 - Measuring Population Size And DensityChapter 43.2 - DemographyChapter 43.3 - How Populations GrowChapter 43.4 - Species InteractionsChapter 44 - Communities And Ecosystems: Ecological Organization At Large ScalesChapter 44.1 - Patterns Of Species Richness And Species DiversityChapter 44.2 - Species Diversity And Community StabilityChapter 44.3 - Succession: Community ChangeChapter 44.4 - Island BiogeographyChapter 44.5 - Food Webs And Energy FlowChapter 44.6 - Biomass Production In EcosystemsChapter 45 - How Climate Affects The Distribution Of Species On EarthChapter 45.1 - ClimateChapter 45.2 - Major BiomesChapter 46 - The Age Of HumansChapter 46.1 - Human Population GrowthChapter 46.2 - Global Warming And Climate ChangeChapter 46.3 - Pollution And Human Influences On Biogeochemical CyclesChapter 46.4 - Pollution And BiomagnificationChapter 46.5 - Habitat DestructionChapter 46.6 - OverexploitationChapter 46.7 - Invasive SpeciesChapter 47 - Biodiversity And Conservation BiologyChapter 47.1 - Genetic, Species, And Ecosystem DiversityChapter 47.2 - Value Of Biodiversity To Human WelfareChapter 47.3 - Conservation Strategies

Book Details

Inspired by recommendations from the AAAS vision and Change Report. Principles of Biology is reflective of the shift taking place in the majors biology course from large and detail rich to short and conceptual, with a focus on new, cutting-edge science. A succinct and inviting text focused on central concepts, Principles of Biology helps students connect fundamental principles while challenging them to develop and hone critical thinking skills. Five new chapters introduce cutting-edge topics that will benefit students who continue their study of biology in future courses

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Explanation for correct answer: Option (b) During transcription, the DNA codes for mRNA and the mRNA...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (e) both a and b. ncRNA can bind to both...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Constitutive genes are transcribed continuously in...Explanation for Correct Answer: Option (d) frameshift mutation. The frameshift mutation occurs due...Explanation for the correct answer: Option (b) S phase. The S phase is the synthetic phase of the...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (e) all of the above. Peas are found in...Explanation for the correct answer: Option (e) all of the above. The examples of epigenetic...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (c) capsid. A capsid is a protein covering...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (a) are used to cleave DNA into pieces for...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (d) evolution. A change in one or more...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (b) − Macroevolution is the large-scale...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (c) Systematics. The term systematics...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (c) continental drift. As the earth cooled,...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (b) thecyanobacteria. Cyanobacteria are...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (c) a particular assemblage of microbes and...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (c) is the liverworts and mosses....Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (e) Bilateria, Protostomia, Ecdysozoa.The...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (a) gnathostomes. They are marine fishes....Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (d) in flower parts. The pollen sac in...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: The option is (c) auxin, cytokinin, gibberellin...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (e) all of the above. For plant growth air,...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (a) in the anthers of the flowers. The...Explanation for the correct answer: Option ( c) Nervous tissue. The central nervous system and the...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (c) the central nervous system. The central...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (b) hearing in mammals. The hair cell...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (d) Ca2+ and PO42-. The major components of...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (b) is a mixture of fluid in blood vessels...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (d) digestion. Digestion is the process of...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (b) They are secreted into the blood, where...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (d) parthenogenesis. The development of...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (e) antibodies. Antibodies are produced...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (d) by activating the baroreceptor reflex....Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (d) changes in day length stimulate this...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (b) 349. If, Marked mosquito fish in 1st...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (d) low species richness and high...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (a) is 60° to 30° north. The northeast...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (c) is ecological footprint. Ecological...Explanation/justification for the correct answer: Option (d), a species that is in danger of...

More Editions of This Book

Corresponding editions of this textbook are also available below:

Principles of Biology
2nd Edition
ISBN: 9781260081848
Principles of Biology
3rd Edition
ISBN: 9781260708370
Principles Of Biology
3rd Edition
ISBN: 9781260240863
PRINCIPLES OF BIOLOGY CONNECT ACCESS
3rd Edition
ISBN: 9781260708295
PRIN OF BIOLOGY CONNECT ACCESS CODE
21st Edition
ISBN: 9781266587511

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