BuyFind

Single Variable Calculus: Concepts...

4th Edition
James Stewart
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337687805
BuyFind

Single Variable Calculus: Concepts...

4th Edition
James Stewart
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337687805

Solutions

Chapter 1.2, Problem 18E

(a)

To determine

To express: The monthly cost in terms of the distance driven d assuming the function follows a linear function.

Expert Solution

Answer to Problem 18E

The equation of the monthly cost in terms of the distance driven d is C=14d+260.

Explanation of Solution

Let d represents the number of miles driven in a month and C represents the monthly cost in dollars.

Recall the general equation of the linear function y=mx+c where m is the slope and c is the y-intercept.

Since the cost function follows a linear function, the equation of the cost C in terms of the number of miles driven d is in the form of C=md+c.

According to the given data, there are two points such as (480, 380) and (800, 460).

Obtain the slope m by using the two point formula as follows.

m=y2y1x2x1=460380800480=80320=14

Thus, the slope is m=14.

Use the slope m=14 and any one of the two points say (800, 460) and obtain the equation of cost C in terms of d as follows.

yy1=m(xx1)     [Slope-pointform]C460=14(d800)C=14d8004+460C=14d+260

Thus, the required equation is C=14d+260.

(b)

To determine

To predict: The monthly cost of driving 1500 miles.

Expert Solution

Answer to Problem 18E

The monthly cost of driving 1500 miles is $635.

Explanation of Solution

From part (a), the equation of the monthly cost in terms of the distance driven d is C=14d+260.

Substitute d=1500 in the cost function and obtain the cost of 1500 miles.

C=14(1500)+260=375+260=635

Thus, the cost of driving 500 miles is $635.

(c)

To determine

To sketch: The graph of the cost as a function of distance driven and interpret the slope.

Expert Solution

Explanation of Solution

Let x-axis represents the number of miles driven and y-axis represents the monthly cost in dollars.

From part (a), the equation of the monthly cost as a function of distance driven is C=14d+260.

Obtain the values of C for several values of d as tabulated in Table 1 and draw the graph as shown below in Figure 1.

dC
0260
500385
1000510

Table 1

Single Variable Calculus: Concepts and Contexts, Enhanced Edition, Chapter 1.2, Problem 18E

From Figure 1, it is observed that the graph is a straight line as the function is linear.

Also, notice that the cost increases as the number of miles increases. That is, if the distance driven increases by 320, then the cost increases by $80 ($0.25 per mile.)

Thus, the slope is, m=14 represents the rate of change of cost with respect to the number of miles driven.

(d)

To determine

To explain: The meaning of C-intercept.

Expert Solution

Answer to Problem 18E

The C-intercept of the cost function is 260 and it represents the fixed manufacturing cost per day.

Explanation of Solution

From part (a), the equation of the monthly cost as a function of the distance driven is C=14d+260.

Since it follows a linear function, the constant term c is considered as the y-intercept.

Thus, the y-intercept is 260.

The C-intercept represents the fixed monthly cost as it is the constant term.

(e)

To determine

To explain: Why a linear function is suitable for this model.

Expert Solution

Explanation of Solution

Since the monthly cost is fixed and the cost increases as the distance driven increases, the function follows the linear function.

Thus, the linear function is suitable for this situation.

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