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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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Classify the bonding in each of the following molecules as ionic, polar covalent, or nonpolar covalent.

   a .  H 2                                         d .  SO 2       g .  CF 4 b .  K 3 P                                     e .  HF         h .  K 2 S c .  NaI                                     f .  CCl 4

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The classification of bonding in the given molecule as ionic, polar or nonpolar covalent is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

The chemical bond that exists between two atoms in which electrons are distributed in an unequal amount is known as polar bond. Due to this unequal distribution of electrons, the molecule will possess the dipole moment in which one end will have partial positive charge and other end will have partial negative charge.

The bonding is formed by the complete transfer of the electrons between the atoms to achieve the stable electron configuration is known as ionic bonding.

The bonding is formed by the sharing of the electrons between the atoms to achieve the stable electron configuration is known as covalent bonding.

The ability that is possessed by an atom to attract the bonding pair of electrons towards itself is known as electronegativity. The electronegativity decreases while going down the group and increases while moving left to right in the period.

Explanation

The given molecule is H2.

The electronegativity value of hydrogen is 2.1.

The difference in the electronegativity values for HH bond is,

Differenceinelectronegativity for HH bond=2

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The classification of bonding in the given molecule as ionic, polar or nonpolar covalent is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

The chemical bond that exists between two atoms in which electrons are distributed in an unequal amount is known as polar bond. Due to this unequal distribution of electrons, the molecule will possess the dipole moment in which one end will have partial positive charge and other end will have partial negative charge.

The bonding is formed by the complete transfer of the electrons between the atoms to achieve the stable electron configuration is known as ionic bonding.

The bonding is formed by the sharing of the electrons between the atoms to achieve the stable electron configuration is known as covalent bonding.

The ability that is possessed by an atom to attract the bonding pair of electrons towards itself is known as electronegativity. The electronegativity decreases while going down the group and increases while moving left to right in the period.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

The classification of bonding in the given molecule as ionic, polar or nonpolar covalent is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

The chemical bond that exists between two atoms in which electrons are distributed in an unequal amount is known as polar bond. Due to this unequal distribution of electrons, the molecule will possess the dipole moment in which one end will have partial positive charge and other end will have partial negative charge.

The bonding is formed by the complete transfer of the electrons between the atoms to achieve the stable electron configuration is known as ionic bonding.

The bonding is formed by the sharing of the electrons between the atoms to achieve the stable electron configuration is known as covalent bonding.

The ability that is possessed by an atom to attract the bonding pair of electrons towards itself is known as electronegativity. The electronegativity decreases while going down the group and increases while moving left to right in the period.

Interpretation Introduction

(d)

Interpretation:

The classification of bonding in the given molecule as ionic, polar or nonpolar covalent is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

The chemical bond that exists between two atoms in which electrons are distributed in an unequal amount is known as polar bond. Due to this unequal distribution of electrons, the molecule will possess the dipole moment in which one end will have partial positive charge and other end will have partial negative charge.

The bonding is formed by the complete transfer of the electrons between the atoms to achieve the stable electron configuration is known as ionic bonding.

The bonding is formed by the sharing of the electrons between the atoms to achieve the stable electron configuration is known as covalent bonding.

The ability that is possessed by an atom to attract the bonding pair of electrons towards itself is known as electronegativity. The electronegativity decreases while going down the group and increases while moving left to right in the period.

Interpretation Introduction

(e)

Interpretation:

The classification of bonding in the given molecule as ionic, polar or nonpolar covalent is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

The chemical bond that exists between two atoms in which electrons are distributed in an unequal amount is known as polar bond. Due to this unequal distribution of electrons, the molecule will possess the dipole moment in which one end will have partial positive charge and other end will have partial negative charge.

The bonding is formed by the complete transfer of the electrons between the atoms to achieve the stable electron configuration is known as ionic bonding.

The bonding is formed by the sharing of the electrons between the atoms to achieve the stable electron configuration is known as covalent bonding.

The ability that is possessed by an atom to attract the bonding pair of electrons towards itself is known as electronegativity. The electronegativity decreases while going down the group and increases while moving left to right in the period.

Interpretation Introduction

(f)

Interpretation:

The classification of bonding in the given molecule as ionic, polar or nonpolar covalent is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

The chemical bond that exists between two atoms in which electrons are distributed in an unequal amount is known as polar bond. Due to this unequal distribution of electrons, the molecule will possess the dipole moment in which one end will have partial positive charge and other end will have partial negative charge.

The bonding is formed by the complete transfer of the electrons between the atoms to achieve the stable electron configuration is known as ionic bonding.

The bonding is formed by the sharing of the electrons between the atoms to achieve the stable electron configuration is known as covalent bonding.

The ability that is possessed by an atom to attract the bonding pair of electrons towards itself is known as electronegativity. The electronegativity decreases while going down the group and increases while moving left to right in the period.

Interpretation Introduction

(g)

Interpretation:

The classification of bonding in the given molecule as ionic, polar or nonpolar covalent is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

The chemical bond that exists between two atoms in which electrons are distributed in an unequal amount is known as polar bond. Due to this unequal distribution of electrons, the molecule will possess the dipole moment in which one end will have partial positive charge and other end will have partial negative charge.

The bonding is formed by the complete transfer of the electrons between the atoms to achieve the stable electron configuration is known as ionic bonding.

The bonding is formed by the sharing of the electrons between the atoms to achieve the stable electron configuration is known as covalent bonding.

The ability that is possessed by an atom to attract the bonding pair of electrons towards itself is known as electronegativity. The electronegativity decreases while going down the group and increases while moving left to right in the period.

Interpretation Introduction

(h)

Interpretation:

The classification of bonding in the given molecule as ionic, polar or nonpolar covalent is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

The chemical bond that exists between two atoms in which electrons are distributed in an unequal amount is known as polar bond. Due to this unequal distribution of electrons, the molecule will possess the dipole moment in which one end will have partial positive charge and other end will have partial negative charge.

The bonding is formed by the complete transfer of the electrons between the atoms to achieve the stable electron configuration is known as ionic bonding.

The bonding is formed by the sharing of the electrons between the atoms to achieve the stable electron configuration is known as covalent bonding.

The ability that is possessed by an atom to attract the bonding pair of electrons towards itself is known as electronegativity. The electronegativity decreases while going down the group and increases while moving left to right in the period.

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