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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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In each of the following diatomic molecules. which end of the molecule is positive relative to the other end?

msp;  a .  hydrogen fluoride ,  HF b .  chlorine monofluoride ClF c .  iodine monofluoride ICl

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

In the given diatomic molecule, the end of the molecule that is positive relative to the other end is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

The chemical bond that exists between two atoms in which electrons are distributed in an unequal amount is known as polar bond. Due to this unequal distribution of electrons, the molecule will possess the dipole moment in which one end will have partial positive charge and other end will have partial negative charge.

The ability that is possessed by an atom to attract the bonding pair of electrons towards itself is known as electronegativity. The electronegativity decreases while going down the group and increases while moving left to right in the period.

Explanation

A figure that indicates the positive and negative ends for the given HF molecule is shown as,

Figure 1

In the given hydrogen fluoride (

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

In the given diatomic molecule, the end of the molecule that is positive relative to the other end is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

The chemical bond that exists between two atoms in which electrons are distributed in an unequal amount is known as polar bond. Due to this unequal distribution of electrons, the molecule will possess the dipole moment in which one end will have partial positive charge and other end will have partial negative charge.

The ability that is possessed by an atom to attract the bonding pair of electrons towards itself is known as electronegativity. The electronegativity decreases while going down the group and increases while moving left to right in the period.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

In the given diatomic molecule, the end of the molecule that is positive relative to the other end is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

The chemical bond that exists between two atoms in which electrons are distributed in an unequal amount is known as polar bond. Due to this unequal distribution of electrons, the molecule will possess the dipole moment in which one end will have partial positive charge and other end will have partial negative charge.

The ability that is possessed by an atom to attract the bonding pair of electrons towards itself is known as electronegativity. The electronegativity decreases while going down the group and increases while moving left to right in the period.

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