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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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ns have different radii than their parent atoms. What if ions stayed the same size as their parent atoms? How would this affect the structure of ionic compounds?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

How the structure of ionic compounds would get affected if the ions stayed the same size as their parent atoms is to be stated?

Concept Introduction:

Atoms contain protons, electrons and neutrons. The protons and electrons have positive and negative charge respectively, which balances the overall charge of an atom. Neutron does not contain any charge. Besides the presence of sub-particles, the atom is considered as the smallest particle. Two or more than two atoms combine to form a molecule.

The gain or loss of electrons from an atom results in the formation of ionic species. The atoms bearing positive and negative charges combine to form an ionic compound.

Explanation

The radii of ions are different as compared to their parent atoms because ions either possess negative charge or positive charge on them.

The positively and negatively charged atom is referred to as a cation and an anion respectively. If the magnitudes of the charges are same on cation and anion, then the size of cation will be small as compared to that of an anion.

The ionic compounds are formed by the combination of positively charged and negatively charged ion.

If the size of ions and their parent atoms would be the same, then the number of electrons would be the same in ions as well as parent atoms...

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