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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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Describe the general characteristics of the first (lowest-energy) hydrogen atomic orbital. How is this orbital designated symbolically? Does this orbital have a sharp “edge"? Does the orbital represent a surface upon which the electron travels at all times?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The general characteristics of the first hydrogen atomic orbital should be described.

Concept Introduction:

First hydrogen atomic orbital is named as 1 s orbital, and it describes as the hydrogen electrons lowest state. The size of the orbital is defined by a sphere that contains 90% of the total electron probability. That is the electron can be found inside this sphere 90% of the time. The 1 s orbital often represented as a sphere.

Explanation

Probability of finding the electron decreases at greater distances from the nucleus, the probability of finding it even at greater distances from the nucleus never become zero. So an orbital has a fuzzy edge. So an orbital does not have a definite size...

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