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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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xplain the difference between ionic bonding and covalent bonding. How can we use the periodic table to help us determine the type of bonding between alums?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The difference between ionic bonding and covalent bonding is to be stated. The use of the periodic table to determine the type of bonding between atoms is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

The tendency of an atom to attract electrons towards it is referred to as electronegativity. It aids in the unequal distribution of charges in a molecule. The high electronegativity difference results in the formation of ionic bonds, whereas low electronegativity difference generates polar bonds.

Explanation

The difference between ionic bonding and covalent bonding is shown below.

Ionic Bonding Covalent Bonding
(i) It involves the attraction between two oppositely charged ions. It does not involve the attraction between two oppositely charged ions. The covalent bonds are formed as a result of the sharing of electrons between different atoms.
(ii) These bonds are highly polar. These bonds have low polarity.
(iii) The compounds formed by ionic bonds have strong electrostatic forces. The compounds formed by covalent bonds have van der Waal’s forces.
(iv) These bonds are nondirectional. The covalent bonds are present in a specific direction.

The electronegativity is the primary factor that determines the type of bond formed...

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