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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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For each of the following molecules or ions, indicate the bond angle expected between the central atom and any two adjacent hydrogen atoms.

msp;  a .  H 2 O     b .  NH 3     c .  NH 4 + d .  CH 4

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

For the given molecule, the bond angle that is expected between the central atom and any two adjacent hydrogen atoms is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

VSEPR theory is an important model that is frequently used in chemistry to decide the shape and geometry of the molecules. VSEPR model is the extension of Lewis model. As the Lewis model is not able to explain the shape of the molecules. In terms of electron density it is given that both the bonding electrons as well as lone pair of electrons holds the shape of the molecule.

The shape in VSEPR model gives specific angles between the bonds for the corresponding shape and these angles are known as bond angles.

Explanation

The expected bond angle between the central atom and two adjacent hydrogen atoms of H2O molecule is shown as,

Figure 1

As shown above, oxygen atom is bonded with two hydro

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

For the given molecule, the bond angle that is expected between the central atom and any two adjacent hydrogen atoms is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

VSEPR theory is an important model that is frequently used in chemistry to decide the shape and geometry of the molecules. VSEPR model is the extension of Lewis model. As the Lewis model is not able to explain the shape of the molecules. In terms of electron density it is given that both the bonding electrons as well as lone pair of electrons holds the shape of the molecule.

The shape in VSEPR model gives specific angles between the bonds for the corresponding shape and these angles are known as bond angles.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

For the given molecule, the bond angle that is expected between the central atom and any two adjacent hydrogen atoms is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

VSEPR theory is an important model that is frequently used in chemistry to decide the shape and geometry of the molecules. VSEPR model is the extension of Lewis model. As the Lewis model is not able to explain the shape of the molecules. In terms of electron density it is given that both the bonding electrons as well as lone pair of electrons holds the shape of the molecule.

The shape in VSEPR model gives specific angles between the bonds for the corresponding shape and these angles are known as bond angles.

Interpretation Introduction

(d)

Interpretation:

For the given molecule, the bond angle that is expected between the central atom and any two adjacent hydrogen atoms is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

VSEPR theory is an important model that is frequently used in chemistry to decide the shape and geometry of the molecules. VSEPR model is the extension of Lewis model. As the Lewis model is not able to explain the shape of the molecules. In terms of electron density it is given that both the bonding electrons as well as lone pair of electrons holds the shape of the molecule.

The shape in VSEPR model gives specific angles between the bonds for the corresponding shape and these angles are known as bond angles.

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