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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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u have seen that molecules with four electron pairs. such as CH 4 , are tetrahedral. What if a molecule had six electron pairs, like SF 6 ? Predict the geometry and bond angles of SF 6 .

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The geometry and bond angles of SF6 are to be predicted.

Concept Introduction:

The geometry of molecule is determined by the number of electron pairs present around the central atom.

The formula to calculate electron pairs in compound is,

Electronpair=bondpair+lonepair

If the number of electron pairs is 2 then hybridization is sp and shape of molecule is linear.

Similarly, if the number of electron pairs is 3, then hybridization is sp2 and shape of molecule is trigonal planar.

Explanation

Sulfur atom has 6 electrons in its valence shell, whereas F has 7 electrons in its valence shell. Thus, the structure of SF6 is shown below.

Figure 1

The central atom has six bond pairs and zero lone pairs

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