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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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For each of the following pairs, indicate which is larger.

msp;  a .  I or Fb .  F or F                             c .  Na + or F

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The species that is larger between the pair given is to be predicted.

Concept Introduction:

The elements are arranged in a tabular form known as periodic table. The rows are known as periods and the columns are known as groups. The elements in the same group have the same general electronic configuration.

Explanation

IandF are both placed in group 17 of the modern periodic table

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The species that is larger between the pair given is to be predicted.

Concept Introduction:

Compounds formed up of ions are known as Ionic compounds. The compound consists of the cation and anion. Cation is the positively charged ion and anion is negatively charged ion.

Cations are always smaller than the atoms from which they are formed because they have less number of electrons than the parent atom due to which the force of attraction between protons and electrons increases and due to this, size decreases.

Anions are always larger than the atoms from which they are formed because they have more number of electrons than the parent atom due to which the repulsion between the electron increases and the force of attraction between protons and electrons decreases and due to this, size increases.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

The species that is larger between the pair given is to be predicted and explanation for the correct choice is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

Compounds formed up of ions are known as Ionic compounds. The compound consists of the cation and anion. Cation is the positively charged ion and anion is negatively charged ion.

Cations are always smaller than the atoms from which they are formed because they have less number of electrons than the parent atom due to which the force of attraction between protons and electrons increases and due to this, size decreases.

Anions are always larger than the atoms from which they are formed because they have more number of electrons than the parent atom due to which the repulsion between the electron increases and the force of attraction between protons and electrons decreases and due to this, size increases.

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