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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Let’s look more closely at the process of hybridization.

  1. (a) What is the relationship between the number of hybrid orbitals produced and the number of atomic orbitals used to create them?
  2. (b) Do hybrid atomic orbitals form between different p orbitals without involving 5 orbitals?
  3. (c) What is the relationship between the energy of hybrid atomic orbitals and the atomic orbitals from which they are formed?

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The relationship between the number of hybrid orbitals produced and the number of atomic orbitals used to create them has to be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Hybridization is the mixing of valence atomic orbitals to get equivalent hybridized orbitals that having similar characteristics and energy.

Geometry of a molecule can be predicted by knowing its hybridization.

sp3  hybrid orbitals is produced by hybridization of single s-orbital and three p-orbital.

sp2  hybrid orbitals is produced by hybridization between one s-orbital and two p-orbitals.

sp  hybrid orbitals is produced by hybridization of single s-orbital and single p-orbital.

Explanation

Hybridization is one of the way by which the bonding in a molecule of a particular geometry can be described.

In hybridiztion, intermixing of atomic orbitals occurs to create new hybrid orbita...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

It has to be identified whether the hybrid orbitals can be formed between p orbitals without involving s orbitals.

Concept Introduction:

Hybridization is the mixing of valence atomic orbitals to get equivalent hybridized orbitals that having similar characteristics and energy.

Geometry of a molecule can be predicted by knowing its hybridization.

sp3  hybrid orbitals is produced by hybridization of single s-orbital and three p-orbital.

sp2  hybrid orbitals is produced by hybridization between one s-orbital and two p-orbitals.

sp  hybrid orbitals is produced by hybridization of single s-orbital and single p-orbital.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The relationship between the energy of hybrid atomic orbitals produced and the atomic orbitals used to create them has to be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Hybridization is the mixing of valence atomic orbitals to get equivalent hybridized orbitals that having similar characteristics and energy.

Geometry of a molecule can be predicted by knowing its hybridization.

sp3  hybrid orbitals is produced by hybridization of single s-orbital and three p-orbital.

sp2  hybrid orbitals is produced by hybridization between one s-orbital and two p-orbitals.

sp  hybrid orbitals is produced by hybridization of single s-orbital and single p-orbital.

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